Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with various related varieties of apparel originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Organization rule in India.
The globally use of pajamas (the term and the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth hundreds of years, plus the British affect on the wider Western globe during the Victorian period. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell away from trend. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial half of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a style in Britain and also the Western world as sleeping apparel for men until finally the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by many people in India e.g. by Girls of various lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It absolutely was adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, muske pidzame Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a superior a lot of Other people from the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it's due to White Ants."
Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix manufactured from soft material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily incorporates a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama muske pidzame trousers, possibly using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama pants for guys and boys tend to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas are sometimes called PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a drop seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but inside the early 20-first century They may be somewhat rare.
Modern day pajamas are derived from common pajamas. There are numerous versions in design and style such as quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length, or, from time to time, just one-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by youngsters, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may also be footed.
Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, from the US, they may have in some cases included the latter as being a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a sort of quick gown prime in excess of shorts or limited trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may possibly nowadays seek advice from Gals's blend daywear, specifically in the US wherever they turned well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.